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Naturally Hypernatural I: Concepts of Nature

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Edited By Suzanne Anker and Sabine Flach

Nature, a topic central to art history, is concurrently a dominant concept in contemporary art, art theory and its related disciplines such as cultural theory, philosophy, aesthetic theory and environmental studies. The project Naturally Hypernatural questions lines of tradition and predetermined categories that coexist with the topic of nature. Currently, nature in art surpasses the simple depiction of art as a material or object. To clarify and analyze the interrelations between nature and art is the aim of the project Naturally Hypernatural. Concepts of Nature – the first volume of this project – argues that contemporary art is predominantly concerned with concepts of nature regarding the depth of their implications in order to reveal and analyze their internal structure.

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Natural – Supernatural – Hypernatural Modernity’s Struggle against Naturalism

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Natural – Supernatural – Hypernatural

GERHARD SCHARBERT

“We live in a present, our field of view gives us perception, but we also experience phenomena which are completely outside of our field of vision and represent a non-present imagination.” Husserl, Phantasie und Bildbewußtsein

Introduction

With the establishment of experimental sciences around 1800 appeared a new vision of Nature, which broke the aesthetical approach of it into two seemingly opposed phenomenon: The romanticized recollection in which Nature is composed as an ideal and idyllic reflection, and a realism derived from the normative standards of natural sciences that claimed to propose an actual “imitation of Nature” through new and avowedly objective means.

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