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Evidentiality and Modality in European Languages

Discourse-pragmatic perspectives


Edited By Juana I. Marín-Arrese, Julia Lavid-López, Marta Carretero, Elena Domínguez Romero, Mª Victoria Martín de la Rosa and María Pérez Blanco

Evidentiality and Modality in European Languages focuses on discourse-pragmatic studies on the domains of evidentiality and epistemic modality, and also includes studies on deontic modality. The book presents ground-breaking research on the functions and the discourse-pragmatic variation of evidential expressions and modals in diverse discourses and genres, applying corpus-based methodologies. It offers unique features regarding content, usage and methodology, and comparative studies. The comparative viewpoint is addressed in contributions which provide a usage-based cross-linguistic account of the expression of evidentiality and modality in various European languages (English, French, Italian, Romanian and Spanish). The contributions are representative of the work on evidentiality and modality in European languages carried out in a substantial number of countries, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Romania, Spain and Sweden.

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Reporting the Source of Information in the British and Spanish Press: A Taxonomy of Expressions (Lidia Mañoso Pacheco)


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Reporting the Source of Information in the British and Spanish Press: A Taxonomy of Expressions

Abstract: The use of reportatives in news articles can position the readership to take a positive or negative stance towards the state of affairs and/or the participants included in a report (Fowler 1994). This paper proposes a taxonomy of one of its key elements in press media: the source of information. The proposed classification, based on a corpus of news from broadsheet British and Spanish journals, is organised according to the specificity parameter, i.e. the degree of precision with which the original author of the reported utterance is defined in the reporting clause. The analysis reveals the ways in which journalists chose the configuration of the information source in order to activate certain implicatures in the reader’s imagery in line with the stance established by the newspaper policy.

Keywords: reportative evidential – source of information – press media – implicature – newspaper policy


Newspaper reporting is traditionally claimed to be objective and unbiased; however, this definition has come under challenge considering that the events chosen to be reported in media articles commonly respond not to a naïve representation of facts but to “the operation of a complex and artificial set of criteria for selection” (Fowler 1994: 4). It cannot be denied that the press is part of an industry with its own commercial interests and, as Fowler states, “what...

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