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Immigration into Spain

Evolution and Socio-educational Challenges

Jordi Garreta-Bochaca

In the last fifty years Spain has experienced major changes regarding population movements and the perception the Spanish have concerning emigration and immigration as well as emigrants and immigrants. In short, in a few years it has gone from emigrating to receiving a significant flow of foreign immigration to again becoming issuers of people to Europe while immigration is still reaching the Spanish borders. All of this has led to growth in Spain’s interest in the study of international migration, its impacts on the origin and destination, designed integration policies and their implementation, as well as international comparisons. The volume presents the evolution of the migration phenomenon, the creation and maintenance of transnational networks, the most relevant factors for exclusion and social integration, the demands and forms of intervention of the social workers who work with persons of foreign origin as well as the institutional response given from social services, the evolution of immigrant students in schools and educational policies on cultural diversity in the Spanish educational system, the development of associations, and other important questions about «Immigration into Spain: Evolution and Socio-educational Challenges».

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Spain is part of the most modern issues in terms of the phenomenon of migration, and social science research addresses modern issues, as illustrated by this book.

The change has been fast, brutal even, as in a few years, at the end of the 20th century, the country stopped being dominated by emigration, to take the opposite direction, with immigration being the dominant trend, which is not to say it is one-way traffic: in these times of economic crisis, there are also many Latin Americans who have emigrated to Spain recently, even Spanish people themselves, who have chosen to return or migrate to America. This does not mean either that the whole country is equally affected by these new problems, on the contrary the spatial distribution varies considerably depending on the area.

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