Edited By Sabine Flach and Gary Sherman
This third volume of Naturally Hypernatural explores contemporary concepts of landscape in the humanities and the arts in relation to the notion that our age is defined by a ‘geology of the human’ and that this reckoning constitutes a new epoch, aptly named the anthropocene.
The thesis of this volume – that there is no homogeneous concept of landscape, just as there is no uniform definition of nature or culture – was developed concurrently at a conference at the University of Graz and at a series of exhibitions centered on film, painting and photography at the Kunsthaus Graz. This thesis has been fortified by registering the simultaneity of land art, the ecological movement and the view of the earth from space.
Art since the modern period reveals how divergent ideas of landscape are intertwined with differently chanted conceptions of subjectivity, perception and space.
Agency in Biosphere
“The opposite of nature is impossible”1Richard Buckminster Fuller, 1965
Since humans became one of the most influential factors of environmental change to the Earth’s biosphere, climate and ecosystems, it is not only artists who are challenged to think about the future of ‘nature’, the habitat all species share.
According to the Living Planet Report 2014, humanity’s ecological footprint requires 1.5 Earths to meet the demands humanity currently makes on nature. “Humanity’s demand has exceeded the planet’s biocapacity – the amount of biologically productive land and sea area that is available to regenerate these resources.” 2 If humans were to disappear one day from Earth – and they will – nature will continue. It doesn’t matter how much CO2 is in the atmosphere, how much glacier water has melted, how many trees or other species are left: nature’s complex metabolism will go on. The question is, what will happen before that point?
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