Edited By Florian Bieber, Magdalena Solska and Dane Taleski
8. Montenegro between Democracy and Authoritarianism (Jovana Marović)
← 166 | 167 →
8. Montenegro between Democracy and Authoritarianism
Reforms in Montenegro, which have been implemented with increasing intensity since the beginning of negotiation talks with the European Union in 2012, have limited impact and little influence on democracy in the country. Causes for the slow democratization process relate to captured institutions being under the strong influence of the same party for 28 years. The uninterrupted rule of the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) has led to the close entwining of the party and the state at all levels: misuse of state resources for party purposes, control over the employment process and distribution of social assistance, lack of liability for frequent violations of the law, positioning of family members and loyal staff in managerial positions, are some of the mechanisms that the DPS has used. The DPS uses populist language to support these mechanisms, safeguarding its rule.
Keywords: authoritarianism, clientelism, democracy, leadership, populism
Montenegro’s efforts towards democratic transformation have been conducted by the same political elite that emerged from the League of Communists of Montenegro (SKCG) after the introduction of a multiparty system in 1990. The DPS is a clientelistic political network and the system governed by the party combines autocratic and democratic elements. The party has experienced several shifts, such as change of name from the League of Communists of Montenegro to the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) in July 1991, or advocating Montenegrin independence...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.