Edited By Florian Bieber, Magdalena Solska and Dane Taleski
9. Illiberal Tendencies and the Aspirations for Euro-Atlantic Integration in Kosovo (Arben Hajrullahu / Lirije Palushi)
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Arben Hajrullahu and Lirije Palushi
9. Illiberal Tendencies and the Aspirations for Euro-Atlantic Integration in Kosovo
This chapter analyses current illiberal and authoritarian trends and tendencies in Kosovo, where most of the recent governing structures are inherited from the international administration that was installed in 1999. One of the key challenges to an unobstructed functioning state based on rule of law as a precondition for more liberal and democratic governance appears to be the troublesome relationship with Serbia. The unresolved issues between Serbia and Kosovo pose one of the main obstacles towards more inclusion – one of the key characteristics of liberal regimes. In addition to this, the absence of a common EU position in relation to Kosovo’s independence and sovereignty makes it impossible to use the real prospect of participating in the EU integration process as a sustainable strategy for fostering more inclusive societies based on liberal values. The situation prevents meaningful and substantial democratization processes in the country whereas the focus of the political parties remains far from good governance practices. On the one hand the political parties, especially those in power, continue to be characterized by corruption, clientelism and practices of political patronage. On the other hand, the role of academia, civil society and media is uncertain as they are often vulnerable due to informal and political interference. All of this is accompanied by an overlap of responsibilities and, most importantly, the failure of the domestic and international institutions to...
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