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New trends and methodologies in applied English language research III

Synchronic and diachronic studies on discourse, lexis and grammar processing

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Sofia Bemposta-Rivas, Carla Bouzada-Jabois, Yolanda Fernández-Pena, Tamara Bouso, Yolanda J. Calvo-Benzies and Iván Tamaredo

This volume includes eleven papers pertaining to different areas of linguistics and organised into three sections. Part I contains diachronic studies which cover data from Middle English to Present-Day English and which explore phenomena such as the status of extender tags, the distribution of free adjuncts, post-auxiliary ellipsis, and the use of ‘ephemeral’ concessive adverbial subordinators. Part II comprises studies on grammar and language processing dealing with topics such as the interaction between syntactic and structural complexity and verbal agreement with collective subjects, the influence of distributivity and concreteness on verbal agreement, the interaction of complexity and efficiency in pronoun omission in Indian English and Singapore English, and the methods and approaches used for grammar teaching in modern EFL/ESL textbooks. Finally, Part III revolves around lexis, discourse and pragmatics, with papers that discuss the development of the discoursal representation of social actors in Argentinian newspapers after the military dictatorship, the construction of women’s gender identity through positive and negative emotions in women’s magazines, and spelling-to-sound correspondence on Twitter.

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Coming to terms with a traumatic past: Social actors in the Argentine media (Mariana Pascual)

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MARIANA PASCUAL Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Argentina – pascualm@unsl.edu.ar

Coming to terms with a traumatic past: Social actors in the Argentine media

1.  Introduction

Discourse Analysis (DA) is a relatively new discipline that focuses on language in use from a variety of sociolinguistic approaches. This rapidly growing branch in the field of discourse studies has greatly contributed to the articulation and consolidation of interdisciplinary bonds that comprise efforts to understand how language functions and, at the same time, explain social phenomena. Therefore, DA is being used extensively in several fields of knowledge as a methodological framework and it has become a very powerful analytical tool in the social sciences. This study assumes the perspective that “[the analysis of discourse] cannot be restricted to the description of linguistic forms independent of the purposes or functions which these forms are designed to serve in human affairs” (Brown and Yule 1983: 1). From this standpoint, language is perceived as interdependent with social life, and “its analysis necessarily intersects an interconnection with aspects of meaning, activities, and systems outside of itself” (Schiffrin 1993: 31).

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