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A Study of T. C. Chao’s Christology in the Social Context of China (1920–1949)

Daniel Hoi Ming Hui

The aim of this book is to show that during the early half of the twentieth century, Chinese society was disillusioned by both internal dissension and external invasion, and the churches experienced many challenges. In response to the traumatic events of 1920–1949, the Chinese theologian Prof. T. C. Chao tried to construct a ‘new religion’ for China, believing that an indigenous Christianity would offer a solution to the national crisis. Chao searched for a new interpretation of Jesus Christ to make him relevant to China’s context and social thought, and tried to develop Christology based on the encounter of Western Christianity, Chinese culture and social change. A personality-focused interpretation of Jesus Christ was developed, and an image of Confucian Jesus was found in his thought. Chao tried to explore his contextual Christology with the purpose of being faithful to Christian faith, and being relevant to Chinese classical culture and the contemporary context in order to enable intellectual Christians to contribute to the national reconstruction of Country.

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Acknowledgments

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I wish to express my gratitude to all those without whom this work would never have been completed. My very special thanks go to Mr. Edmond Tang, my supervisor, for his dedication in directing this thesis and his thoughtful and helpful comments. I am grateful for the scholarship of the Council of World Mission and the financial support I received from the Church of Christ in China Hong Kong Council, and the Amphlett Scholarship Fund for support received during my period of study in the United Kingdom. Many thanks are owed to Ms. Carol Rowe, who carefully proof read the thesis prior to its submission. Many thanks are also due to the library staff of the Orchard Learning Resource Centre of the University of Birmingham, the China Collection at the School of Oriental and African Studies in the University of London, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and the Baptist University of Hong Kong, who were always helpful and kind in offering assistance in collecting materials. A special word of thanks goes to Mr. City Kwok, a student of the Baptist University of Hong Kong, who helped me in collecting much material from the Christianity and Chinese Culture Research Centre of Hong Kong, Alliance Bible Seminary, and also to the China Graduate School of Theology for presenting my thesis. I am grateful to Ms. Keren He who has given me guidance in doing Hanyu Pinyin, and to my friends, Tony Chan, Chi-yeung Lam, and Andrew Chan, who have...

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