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Crisis Governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia

The Study of Floods in 2014

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Edited By Vedran Džihić and Magdalena Solska

This comparative study at hand has been the result of a two-year research project on floods in 2014 in the Western Balkans engaging eight research teams from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia. Representing quite different disciplines, the authors of this volume have analysed diverse aspects of the crisis governance and its ramifications. This publication’s goals are twofold. Firstly, it pins down the characteristics of the crisis responses during the floods of 2014 in three affected countries, preconditioned by the existing institutions, crisis leadership, the role of media and the social capital as well as the foreign financial aid. On the other hand, through the lenses of the crisis governance we conclude on the state capacities and the nature of political regime of the cases under study. The flood megacrisis did not constitute a "window of opportunity" for individual or institutional learning. On the contrary, it did unveil some authoritarian tendencies in Serbia and Bosnia, and thus stalled the hitherto ongoing democratization process.

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6. The Role of Economic and Social Capital during the Floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Adnan Efendić)

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ADNAN EFENDIĆ

6.  The Role of Economic and Social Capital during the Floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina

This empirical study is based on nationally representative cross-sectional survey data gathered to investigate determinants of prosocial behaviour of citizens in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) during the 2014 flood period. To address this we estimate models in which individual characteristics, together with economic and social capital performance are used to explain prosocial activity in the crisis period. We find that women, more educated individuals and those from urban areas were systematically more engaged in helping people in need. We also find that both economic and social capital influences are important predictors of prosocial activity in this period. The better economic performance of individuals – higher income and more wealth – as well as their social capital – group membership, larger and ethnically more diverse networks – explain greater engagement of individuals in the flood crisis. Although the isolated effects of economic and social capital determinants are high, after interacting these influences we find that they also build up and if combined they increase the probability of this engagement. These results are robust across different model specifications.

Keywords: economic capital, economic resources, floods, prosocial behaviour, social capital

Floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina – An Introductory Framework

After the devastating war of 1992–1995 with all its negative direct and indirect consequences, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) faced a natural disaster on an unprecedented scale. In May...

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