Edited By Vesa Korhonen and Pauliina Alenius
Internationalisation have recently featured in discussions and initiatives related to various fields of higher education. Educational leaders, institutions and national policy-makers, but also international actors, such as the European Union and UNESCO, have promoted the internationalisation of higher education. Increasing emphasis on internationalisation has diversified also teaching and learning contexts in higher education and has given rise to a growing need for searching appropriate cross-cultural pedagogical approaches. However, internationalisation in the context of higher education is a multifaceted concept and involves more than just one international dimension in institutional or pedagogical activities. These recent developmental features are examined in the book with the conceptual lense of emerging pattern of internationalisation.
Introduction: International and transnational dimensions in higher education (Vesa Korhonen / Pauliina Alenius)
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VESA KORHONEN AND PAULIINA ALENIUS
Introduction: International and transnational dimensions in higher education
Abstract: Internationalisation and transnationalisation are significantly shaping the higher education landscape. These processes are related to globalisation and increasing transnational mobility of educational programmes and providers. The purpose of this introductory chapter is to present an overview of the traditional and emerging pattern of internationalisation and shed light on the underlying related conceptions and rationales. Political, economic and administrational agendas at cross-border, national and institutional level form a manifold chain of interconnected forces triggering international and border-crossing developments in the emerging pattern of internationalisation. Internationalisation of higher education appears to be in a constant state of flux and the underlying rationales vary from pure academic and socio-cultural to political and economic (Knight, 2008; de Wit, 2010).
The chapter introduces topical themes of research in the field and identifies a few gaps in the existing literature. For example, transnational teaching and learning environments, intercultural competence development and related challenges as well as the impact of cross-border flows of ideas in relation to emerging pattern of internationalisation have only seldom been scrutinized. The main thematic perspectives of the book will also be briefly introduced in light of a multilevel approach to internationalisation and transnationalisation development, namely: a) education policy, institutional cultures and transnational activities, b) cross-cultural pedagogy, and c) international students.
Growing trends towards internationalisation and transnationalisation significantly affect higher education on different...
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