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Internationalisation and Transnationalisation in Higher Education

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Edited By Vesa Korhonen and Pauliina Alenius

Internationalisation have recently featured in discussions and initiatives related to various fields of higher education. Educational leaders, institutions and national policy-makers, but also international actors, such as the European Union and UNESCO, have promoted the internationalisation of higher education. Increasing emphasis on internationalisation has diversified also teaching and learning contexts in higher education and has given rise to a growing need for searching appropriate cross-cultural pedagogical approaches. However, internationalisation in the context of higher education is a multifaceted concept and involves more than just one international dimension in institutional or pedagogical activities. These recent developmental features are examined in the book with the conceptual lense of emerging pattern of internationalisation.

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2. Internationalisation of higher education in Russia: National policy and results at institutional level (Svetlana Shenderova)

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SVETLANA SHENDEROVA

2.  Internationalisation of higher education in Russia: National policy and results at institutional level

Abstract: Internationalisation of higher education is a part of the Russian educational policy focused on competitiveness enhancement at the global stage. Both restructuring of higher education sector and special governmental funding have provided conditions for development and support of internationalisation in the leading universities. Despite Russia joining the Bologna Process, there are barriers in three-cycle degree system implementation. Vague legislation and statistics hinder the understanding and development of internationalisation. Regulatory approach to internationalisation of higher education in Russia is characterised by unclear responsibility both at national policy and institutional implementation level. It results in irrelevant basic indicators of internationalisation in different world university rankings. The main part of external institutional environment is revealed from Russian legislation and the Bologna Process documents. With the information available on websites of Russian universities, world ranking agencies, Russian authorities and bodies my chapter first investigates the results of internationalisation in Russia at the level of national policy and university.

Introduction

Internationalisation of higher education is currently considered as “the intentional process of integrating an international, intercultural or global dimension into the purpose, functions and delivery of post-secondary education, in order to enhance the quality of education and research for all students and staff, and to make a meaningful contribution to society” (de Wit et al., 2015, p. 281). This definition introduces significant supplements, first of all,...

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