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Internationalisation and Transnationalisation in Higher Education


Edited By Vesa Korhonen and Pauliina Alenius

Internationalisation have recently featured in discussions and initiatives related to various fields of higher education. Educational leaders, institutions and national policy-makers, but also international actors, such as the European Union and UNESCO, have promoted the internationalisation of higher education. Increasing emphasis on internationalisation has diversified also teaching and learning contexts in higher education and has given rise to a growing need for searching appropriate cross-cultural pedagogical approaches. However, internationalisation in the context of higher education is a multifaceted concept and involves more than just one international dimension in institutional or pedagogical activities. These recent developmental features are examined in the book with the conceptual lense of emerging pattern of internationalisation.

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11. International doctoral students’ perceptions of factors contributing to their career visions (Yusuke Sakurai / Viivi Virtanen / Jenna Vekkaila / Kirsi Pyhältö)


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11.  International doctoral students’ perceptions of factors contributing to their career visions

Abstract: This paper examines international doctoral students’ perceptions of factors affecting their career visions. It also examines whether their perceptions differ in relation to their genders. Through semi-structured interviews with 10 females and 10 males, our analysis resulted in five major themes concerning students’ perceptions of factors affecting their career visions: personal attributes, job market prospects, professional development, familial relationships, and scholarly community. Students’ interpretations of their experiences based on their “personal attributes” were most likely to empower their career visions, for example, students’ enthusiasm for research, their own flexibility in pursuing different careers, and preference of future workplace were the key resources in envisioning positive career trajectories. Conversely, demanding employment conditions due to the competitiveness, scarcity, and instability of potential jobs decreased students’ confidence in developing clear career visions. Moreover, some of the participants conceived that the job markets of their home countries may offer a potential safety net for their career endeavours. Many female participants also described their familial responsibilities as challenges in achieving their ideal careers, while most male students made no comments on the theme. The paper concludes with future challenges facing universities in Finland that wish to be pioneers of gender egalitarian countries.

Early career researchers’ mobility and career

I embarked on the endeavour of a doctoral program in Finland as...

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