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Linking Research and Training in Internationalization of Teacher Education with the PEERS Program: Issues, Case Studies and Perspectives

Edited By Jean-Luc Gilles

The PEERS program proposes international exchanges adapted to the context of teacher training institutions wishing to take advantage of internationalization in order to link training, research, and practice. PEERS is based on the completion of Research and Innovation (R&I) projects during the academic year, during which international groups of professors and students from teacher training partner institutions collaborate remotely as well as during two placements of one week. For the students, the PEERS program aims to develop competencies in distance collaboration with the help of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the management of intercultural groups, and the continuous improvement of their activities through reflective thinking and the spirit of research. For the professors the PEERS program aims to better link research and training, to reinforce their skills in the management of international research projects and to foster opportunities for international publications.

The aim of this collective book is to give an overview of the Issues, case studies and perspectives of the PEERS program. The first section entitled "Issues, Opportunities, and Challenges for the Internationalization of Teacher Training in a Globalized, Multicultural, and Connected World", focuses on the foundations and general features of PEERS projects, as well as the context of globalization in the intercultural and connected world in which it is situated.

The second section, "Case Studies and Lessons Learned from the PEERS Project in Southern Countries" constitutes a series of chapters presenting case studies on PEERS projects focused on innovation and cooperation in the developing world. The third section, "Results of Research-Oriented PEERS Projects," considers the results from PEERS projects that have enabled the implementation of theoretical and practical educational research, generally taking the form of small-case research studies or innovations in the design of teaching units. Finally, in the conclusion we propose to present the key points of the three sections that make up this book "Linking Research and Training in Internationalization of Teacher Education with the PEERS Program: Issues, Case Studies and Perspectives".

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Chapter 2: The Building of Europe: A Humanist Undertaking (Gilles Grin)

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Gilles Grin

gilles.grin@unil.ch

Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe, Lausanne, and University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Chapter 2: The Building of Europe: A Humanist Undertaking

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to outline the ways in which the building of Europe has been a profoundly humanist undertaking. We start by describing the extremely difficult situation in Europe in 1950, and then go on to analyze the historic significance of the Monnet-Schuman Declaration, which led to the launch of the European Community in 1952. We give a general summary of how the building of Europe unfolded, showing the degree to which respect for Member States is a cardinal principle of this process and underlining how it gave citizens their freedom. We then take a look at the more specific areas of education, research, and innovation, linking them with the HEP Vaud PEERS program. We end by identifying the major challenges facing the people of Europe.

1. The Situation in Europe in 1950

Until the mid-20th century, war was a major defining factor in Europe. The continent had only seen two periods of prolonged peace between the major powers since the beginning of the 16th century – the first between 1815 and 1854 and the second between 1871 and 1914. The two World Wars that ravaged Europe and the rest of the world in the first half of the 20th century led to the deaths of 70 to 80...

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