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The Memory of the Bishop in Medieval Cathedrals

Ceremonies and Visualizations

Edited By Gerardo Boto Varela, Isabel Escandell and Esther Lozano Lopez

From Late Antiquity to ca. 1500, the exchange of artistic expressions, literary formulas and moral ideals allowed successive bishops to generate and transform the paradigmatic buildings and devices epitomising episcopal power, both in life and posthumously by dictating the manner in which they were to be com-memorated. Indispensable to this process of integration was the ability to absorb foreign artistic formulas, devise innovative creations and integrate them into mutated patterns that were always defined by local material and intellectual conditions and resources.

This volume explores the making and metamorphosis of images and memories of European Medieval Bishops as individual personalities or institutional figures within the framework of their respective cathedrals. The studies discuss the circumstances and factors that have determined funerary configurations and ritual remembrances of bishops in cathedrals and ecclesiastical colleges in the Medieval Latin Church. The authors of this volume adopt and implement a dual and complementary methodology. First, they take into account a wide range of factors, including specific community practices, liturgical ceremonies, church furnishings, and artistic equipment. Second, they explore to which the morphology of individual tombs can be ascribed to the preferences of patrons who, hypothetically, would also have imposed a religious protocol as the patrons of the future commemoration of their personalities.

In these novel studies, special attention is paid to the symbiosis of pictorial narratives, liturgical performativity, and spatial arrangement, which made up and propitiated a large part of the visual experience of episcopal memorials. The volume focuses on the use of the memorial devices of important bishops as a privileged lens to analyse the complexity and dynamics of the artistic landscape in western Europe during the Middle Ages.

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Letrán, el Vaticano y los apóstoles en la Visio Taionis. Notas sobre la construcción de una memoria hispánica de Gregorio Magno (Joel Varela Rodríguez)


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JOEL VARELA RODRÍGUEZ Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Letrán, el Vaticano y los apóstoles en la Visio Taionis. Notas sobre la construcción de una memoria hispánica de Gregorio Magno1

Abstract: This article deals with the literary procedure which the so-called Visio Taionis was shaped with. In this sense, idealistic representation of Roman ecclesiastical contexts of the 7th century, such as the Vatican basilica and the the Lateran cathedral and palace, is explored. In connection with that, we will pay particular attention to symbolical items of Peter and Paul’s figures and the apostolic tumb in the Vatican as well. Relevant conclussions are two: many elements of the Visio Taionis depend on the historical journey of Taio, bishop of Saragossa (c. 600-c. 659), to Rome and the legend transmitted with the Visio Taionis aims to construct a Spanish image of pope Gregory the Great (c. 540–604) in connection with Taio and his journey.

Keywords: Gregory the Great, Taio, visio Taionis, Vatican, Lateran.

La figura del papa Gregorio Magno (c. 540–604) fue, desde una época bastante próxima a su muerte (12 de marzo de 604), objeto de culto y veneración. La relevancia de su pontificado –fue el primer monje en ocupar la dignidad papal y en promover el monasticismo dentro de la sede pontificia2– y la amplia difusión de su obra, en la que se ha ← 25 | 26 → visto...

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