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The Catalan Nation and Identity Throughout History

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Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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Institutions and the Catalan Ruling Classes: The Long March to Culmination in the Early 18th Century, by Eva Serra i Puig

Institutions and the Catalan Ruling Classes: The Long March to Culmination in the Early 18th Century

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Eva SERRA I PUIG

Universitat de Barcelona

Institut d’Estudis Catalans

Historiography has commonly placed emphasis on the historical Catalan institutions of the Middle Ages. However, we now understand that although medieval in origin they underwent a powerful evolution in the modern era. Without that evolution it is difficult to understand either the conflicts between the King and the country from the 15th to the 17th centuries, or the War of the Spanish Succession. These conflicts reveal two institutional bodies in confrontation over issues of sovereignty and political demarcation. The modern centuries are not only those of the formation of absolutist, authoritarian monarchy, but also the centuries which saw the development of representative institutions within the national territory. Despite the fact that their outcomes differ, this overview is equally applicable to other European territories: Holland, England, Britanny and also Languedoc, where not only the monarchy but also parliamentarianism developed. This process of change had various phases and effects on the social reality of the ancient regime.

Between 1410-12 and 1481 Catalonia underwent several upheavals, which were characterised by the making of pacts (pactisme) and by a change of the guard in the ruling classes. These upheavals were: the demise of the House of Barcelona; the Compromise of Caspe and the interregnum; the rise of the Trastamara dynasty and the liquidation of ←107 | 108→the claim of the House of Urgell (on which it is important to point out here that the Valencians were...

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