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The Catalan Nation and Identity Throughout History

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Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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Identities, Solidarities and Disagreements: Catalonia and the Crown of Aragon up to the Catalan Revolt of 1640, by Àngel Casals

Identities, Solidarities and Disagreements: Catalonia and the Crown of Aragon up to the Catalan Revolt of 16401

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Àngel Casals

Universitat de Barcelona

The aim of this paper is to reflect on the Crown of Aragon and its political presence in Catalonia from the 15th to the 17th centuries. Rather than on discourses of political practice, the paper will focus on specific moments at which the unity of the Crown of Aragon was put in question because of conflicts with the king and his entourage over the exercise of power in the kingdoms rather than over the unitary framework of the Crown of Aragon, which was itself not openly questioned until 1641.

Lalinde Abadía, in several papers, has drawn on legal and juridical texts to call attention to the historical inappropriateness of the term Corona d’Aragó [Crown of Aragon]. In the 12th century, the sovereigns were called the Kings of Aragon and Counts of Barcelona, a juxtaposed formula that shows that there was no institutional unity beyond the person of the monarch, whose title of rei d’Aragó [king of Aragon] reflected his maximum sovereignty. Given this situation, James I was permitted to divide up the territories in his will, because Valencia and Majorca were considered to fall under his direct dominion as king. Subsequently, James II and then Peter III would both declare the permanent unity of ←137 | 138→these possessions, but while using a formula that insisted on their plurality and lack of cohesion: in 1365, Majorca was declared inseparable de la Corona Reyal, ne del Comtat de Barcelona, e...

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