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The Catalan Nation and Identity Throughout History

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Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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Catalonia in the Process of the Construction of the Modern Spanish State. A Deterministic Interpretation and Critique of Spanish National Historiography, by Antoni Simon i Tarrés

Catalonia in the Process of the Construction of the Modern Spanish State. A Deterministic Interpretation and Critique of Spanish National Historiography

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Antoni SIMON I TARRÉS

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Institut d’Estudis Catalans

Clearly, in so far as historians are one of the principal intermediaries for continuity in the vitally necessary dialogue that any society must establish between past and present in order to face the challenges of the future, historiographical interpretations regarding the difficult relations between Catalonia and the early Spanish State that emerged in modern times have constituted, and still constitute, a seminal question in the Spanish/Catalan historiographical debate.

The national/political dimensions of the subject cannot be disregarded, nor do I believe it convenient that they should be. In addition, despite the intellectual doubts expressed by some historiographers in this regard — that current interests and preoccupations are not conducive to a balanced, scientific analysis of the subject — my opinion is that although we are here touching on an area that is at this time politically controversial, this is no reason for it to be put aside by historians, whatever their place of origin. Every “present” has its preocupations and these are manifested by all human groups or communities with any sense of culture. It is perfectly logical that they should look for answers in analyses deriving from historiography and other social sciences, none of which exists in an isolated state of objective neutrality. The context in which a historian “writes” or “makes” history is never neutral, and neither is his point of view; that which one can and must demand...

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