Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
The Cultural “Renaissances” as a Moment in European History (1820-1870), by Nicolas Berjoan
The Cultural “Renaissances” as a Moment in European History (1820-1870)
Université d’Aix en Provence
The Europe of the first half of the 19th century saw the flourishing of a series of movements that sought to nurture the cultures of dormant or disappeared nations. As examples of this ecumenical phenomenon we will cite the Italian Risorgimiento, the Respelido of Provence, the Catalan Renaixança for Southern Europe, the Slavic Réveils [awakenings] for Eastern Europe and the Gaelic Revival for Atlantic Europe. This major event in European history has bequeathed an enormous heritage and is still used today to situate nationalities and regions in a world context, but it has yet to enjoy a panoramic study. Anne-Marie Thiesse has shown the transnational character of the (re)discovery of national cultures by highlighting the common traits of their search for identity.1 Preceding her, Miroslav Hroch had established the link between these cultural manifestations and deeper social movements.2 Some, such as Eric Hobsbawm, have lent their efforts to the construction of a global vision, while others have sought to address particular examples; for example, Josep M. Fradera and the Catalan Renaixenca. In effect, they offer us the tools with which to consider these cultural movements from an extremely wide-ranging political and social perspective.3 But while they provide a broad overview of this cultural rebirth, a synthesis is still needed in order to establish sufficiently accurate comparisons between them and enable their joint inclusion in a pan-European political and social moment, listing their distinctive features and perhaps, ultimately,...
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