Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
Catalan Intellectuals and the Inter-war Debate on Democracy in Europe, by Giovanni C. Cattini
Catalan Intellectuals and the Inter-war Debate on Democracy in Europe
Giovanni C. CATTINI
Universitat de Barcelona
In order to understand the direction of the debate on democracy among Catalan intellectuals between the wars it is vital to underline the importance of both the historical context and the way in which mainstream European currents of thought were perceived at that time. The fact is that the years immediately following the end of the First World War have been generally characterised by the profound changes in the panorama of European states and the Mediterranean zone. In Central Europe the dynasties of Germany and Austria had disappeared, and Austria-Hungary had been dismembered. The Ottoman Empire had also been dismantled, giving rise to the new state of Turkey under Mustafa Kemal. Similarly the idea of liberal democracy and the liberal state entered a long period of crisis which heralded the collapse of states forged over eight hundred years in the Mediterranean zone; Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece.1
In this context, events in the Italian peninsula came under intense debate. A number of intellectuals argued over the nature of the limitations of the societies in which they lived and the challenges to be faced. The strong cultural parallels with Italy meant that events there were followed closely in the pages of the Catalan press. Even during the First World War the pro-allied press had followed and supported D’Annuzio’s campaigns in favour of Italian entry into the war. Then, in the immediate post-war period, the same press, despite an initial...
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