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The Catalan Nation and Identity Throughout History


Edited By Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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The Regional Rhetoric of the Catalan Francoists, by Carles Santacana

The Regional Rhetoric of the Catalan Francoists



Universitat de Barcelona

There can be no doubt that the attribution of some meaning — local, regional, national; archaic, modern; territorial, literary, political… — to any notion of what Catalonia was to Francoists signified at the same time (and depended on) the idea of an underlying Spain. Or, put another way, in the contemporary era it is impossible to distinguish the boundaries between one conception and another. Ismael Saz1 has explained in detail the processes of national definition in those years, more complex than it would seem under a regime that had made the affirmation of Spanish nationality one of its most identifiable symbols. Obviously our intention is not to cover the same terrain, but rather to focus attention on two key junctures at which the projects of the Francoist power structure were formulated and explicative strategies were defined — of the past and present — for a Catalan region comfortably inscribed in a cultural and political account of the Spanish nation. In short, what it was thought that Catalonia should be. The first of these refers back to the immediate post-war period, and places emphasis on the definition of Catalonia and its cultural legacy made by Catalonia’s Francoist intellectuals.2 In the second part we refer to the beginnings of the 60’s, precisely because the interpretations established immediately after the war had already revealed all their deficiencies, and the persistence of specifically Catalan customs provided the authorities with new challenges. They had grave misgivings with regard to the...

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