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Exploring discourse and ideology through corpora

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Edited By Miguel Fuster Márquez, José Santaemilia, Carmen Gregori-Signes and Paula Rodríguez-Abruñeiras

This book explores discourse mainly through corpus linguistics methods. Indeed, Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies has become a widely used approach for the critical (or non-critical) analysis of discourses in recent times. The book focuses on the analysis of different kinds of discourse, but most particularly on those which attempt to unveil social attitudes and values. Although a corpus methodology is deemed crucial in all research found here, it should not be inferred that a single, uniform technique is applied, but a wide variety of them, often shaped by the software which has been used. Also, more than one (qualitative or quantitative) methodology or drawing from various relevant sources is often called for in the critical analysis of discourses.

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The role of news values in the discursive construction of the female victim in media outlets: A comparative study: Sergio Maruenda-Bataller

Sergio Maruenda-Bataller

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In this chapter, I analyse the way media outlets discursively represent female victims of violence against women (VAW) contrastively in two Spanish and two British quality dailies in a purpose-built corpus of 19,560 articles over a 10-year period (2005–2015), drawing upon a CADS framework. By identifying the news values used to portray female victims, I aim to compare the treatment these newspapers give to female victims of VAW episodes in their news. I believe that news values can provide an insight into a culture-specific set of beliefs, attitudes and representations that are essential to the meaning re-signifying of the concept woman (as female victim) and, more generally, of the construction of women’s identity in society.

Some research has recently focused on the ideological nature of news values in various social and political discourses (see Baker et al. 2013; Baker/Levon 2015; Huan 2016; Fruttaldo/Venuti 2018; Lorenzo-Dus/Smith 2018; Molek-Kozakowska 2018; Formato 2019). ←141 | 142→However, there is lack of scholarly research on how media outlets use news values to construct female victims of VAW. This study aims to fill that gap. Besides, the present chapter contributes a cross-cultural study of VAW press discourse by synergizing corpus linguistics and the Discursive News Values Analysis (DNVA) (Bednarek/Caple 2017). In doing so, I explore the ways in which gender-related identities are built across socio-cultural and linguistic contexts, and thus take the opportunity to apply the DNVA framework to news stories in different languages and different cultures (Bednarek/Caple 2017: 137; Caple/Huan/Bednarek 2020:...

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