Edited By Arben Hajrullahu and Anton Vukpalaj
For many areas of social science research, including conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and international state-building, Kosovo remains a uniquely interesting and relevant case. This book is motivated by the belief that there is much to be gained, analytically and empirically, from bringing together local scholarship that focuses on Kosovo-specific issues. It helps understand how pathdependent historical legacies set in motion prior to and during the war for independence, coupled with contemporary processes of dependence on and interdependence with external actors, shaped contemporary Kosovo society and institutions. It brings together a methodologically diverse set of local scholarly perspectives on contemporary political, legal and societal developments in Kosovo.
Minorities in Societies Emerging from Conflict: Approaches in Accommodating and Integrating Non-majority Communities in Kosovo
Abstract Designing models of governance suitable for effective management of ethnically diverse societies emerging from conflicts still presents a challenging task for scholars and practitioners engaged in mediating peace settlement processes. This chapter elaborates on the approaches and constitutional choices introduced to recognize, accommodate and integrate non-majority communities in Kosovo. Kosovo’s statehood and international recognition was largely based on the commitment and legal guarantees to introduce and respect standards of minority rights; therefore, the analysis focuses on the impact of mechanisms designed to prevent segregation and assimilation, and foster integration of non-majority communities. It seeks to shed light on the degree to which comprehensive human and minority rights standards have been entrenched in the Constitution to ensure individual and group autonomy, but also effectiveness of institutions in guaranteeing their implementation. It also offers a critical overview of the local self-government model, and implications of the initiative to broaden the territorial autonomy. This chapter also provides an overview of special mechanisms for ensuring representation of non-majority communities in central institutions and their impact in fostering integration.
Keywords: Kosovo, minority rights, political representation, integration, autonomy, power-sharing
In the recent decades minority issues have attracted considerable attention, as supranational institutions intensified efforts to maintain international peace and stability. The evolving minority rights instruments not only gained widespread international legitimacy, but also became a cornerstone for peace settlements and models of governance suitable for post-conflict environments. Societies emerging from conflict are characterized by grievance, division, and confrontation. Consequently, restoring peace...
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