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Forging Kosovo: Between Dependence, Independence, and Interdependence


Edited By Arben Hajrullahu and Anton Vukpalaj

For many areas of social science research, including conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and international state-building, Kosovo remains a uniquely interesting and relevant case. This book is motivated by the belief that there is much to be gained, analytically and empirically, from bringing together local scholarship that focuses on Kosovo-specific issues. It helps understand how pathdependent historical legacies set in motion prior to and during the war for independence, coupled with contemporary processes of dependence on and interdependence with external actors, shaped contemporary Kosovo society and institutions. It brings together a methodologically diverse set of local scholarly perspectives on contemporary political, legal and societal developments in Kosovo.

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The European Union’s Relations with the Republic of Kosovo

Liridon Lika and Blerim Reka


Abstract This chapter analyzes relations between the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Kosovo for the period between 2008 and 2020. On February 17, 2008, Kosovo declared its independence and became the newest state in Europe. The EU is a strategic partner for Kosovo. All of Kosovo’s governments have declared EU membership as a national priority. But the EU has applied ambiguity and ambivalence towards the Republic of Kosovo, and five of its twenty-seven member states have not yet recognized Kosovo’s independence. These ambiguity and ambivalence, addressed in this research, are visible in the two European institutions: the European Commission and the European Council, which support the Kosovar state but at the same time take into account the positions of the five non-recognising EU member countries. Moreover, the case of visa non-liberalization shows the impact of the EU’s ambivalence. However, the EU, with the support of the United States of America (USA), is playing the role of a mediator in order to normalize the bilateral relations between Kosovo and Serbia. The findings of this research revealed that the dialogue resolved many technical issues, but full normalization and reciprocal official recognition of the two states have not yet taken place.

Keywords: European Union, Republic of Kosovo, State, Foreign Policy, Bilateral Relations, Western Balkans

On February 17, 2008, under the Comprehensive Proposal of the UN Secretary-General’s special envoy, Martti Ahtisaari, for the resolution of Kosovo’s final status and in close coordination with the USA, key EU member...

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