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Forging Kosovo: Between Dependence, Independence, and Interdependence


Edited By Arben Hajrullahu and Anton Vukpalaj

For many areas of social science research, including conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and international state-building, Kosovo remains a uniquely interesting and relevant case. This book is motivated by the belief that there is much to be gained, analytically and empirically, from bringing together local scholarship that focuses on Kosovo-specific issues. It helps understand how pathdependent historical legacies set in motion prior to and during the war for independence, coupled with contemporary processes of dependence on and interdependence with external actors, shaped contemporary Kosovo society and institutions. It brings together a methodologically diverse set of local scholarly perspectives on contemporary political, legal and societal developments in Kosovo.

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Education in Kosovo – a Struggle in Progress

Dukagjin Pupovci


Abstract The end of the Kosovo War in June 1999 marked the beginning of transition of the Kosovo Education System from a decade-long struggle to survive continuous oppression by Belgrade authorities to a new phase of reforms aiming to transform it to an engine of social and economic development. Two decades in peace, Kosovo Education System is still struggling to meet minimum acceptable quality standards. Despite some progress, changes in the school curricula, teacher training reform, decentralization, improvement of school infrastructure and increased participation in all levels of education failed to meet expectations of policymakers and general public for significant improvement of education quality. This chapter analyses the major challenges of the Education Sector in the post-war period, including causes for setback in reforms, with particular focus on notable differences between proclaimed or approved policies, on one side, and policy implementation measures, on the other side, which is typical for transitional societies.

Keywords: Kosovo, education, reforms

Due to historical circumstances, until 1941 educational provision in Kosovo was limited to certain categories of population and geographic areas. During the rule of the Ottoman Empire, until 1912, the Albanian Muslim majority were driven to the state schools with instruction in the Turkish language, whereas Albanian Catholics and Serbs were allowed to have schools in their mother tongue. From 1915 to 1918, when Kosovo was under Austrian occupation, a number of Albanian language schools were opened, but they were short lived and were closed down by the Kingdom of...

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