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All Our Brothers and Sisters

Jews Saving Jews during the Holocaust

Edited By Judith Tydor Baumel-Schwartz and Alan Schneider

The book focuses on the heroism of Jews throughout Europe who risked their lives to save their coreligionists under Nazi rule. The contributors discuss and analyze the actions of Jews who rescued other Jews from the hands of the Nazis. These actions took place, to different degrees, in Germany, in Axis states and all across Nazi-occupied Europe, from the early stages of persecution until the war’s end, in the framework of collaborative efforts and individual initiatives. The Jews who rescued other Jews during the Holocaust came like their non-Jewish counterparts from different backgrounds: men and women, old and young, religious and secular, wealthy and poor, educated and uneducated. The rescue missions took place in ghettos, areas without ghettos, jails, camps, hospitals, children’s homes, schools, monasteries, in hiding. This book focuses on these rescue missions and the people behind them, reminding us of their courage and willingness to act, even when it put their own lives in danger.

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André Chouraqui: The Earthly Vocation of an Underground Ferryman

Extract

By: Nathan Bracher

Patrick Henry, among others, has convincingly argued that it is virtually impossible, and doubtless futile, to try to identify any one decisive paradigm of Holocaust rescuers’ character or motivation.1 On a more modest level, however, we can point to pivotal elements in certain individual biographical, intellectual, and spiritual itineraries. Such is the case, I would argue, with the remarkable, yet seldom recognized life and work of André Chouraqui, even though he achieved distinction in several areas. Titled “André Chouraqui, traducteur et homme politique” [André Chouraqui, translator and politician], Henri Tincq’s obituary article in Le Monde is emblematic in that regard: “The original translator of the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and the Koran was also a man of action: he was an advisor to David Ben Gurion and deputy mayor of Jerusalem.”2

Tincq goes on to stress Chouraqui’s immersion in Hebrew and Jewish tradition, acquired from infancy amid the rich, yet highly conflictual multilingual cultural plurality of his native Algeria. The article also pays homage to Chouraqui’s monumental achievements in translating the sacred texts of three monotheistic religions, as well as to his activities as an eminent citizen of Israel practicing a form of shuttle diplomacy not only among the various communities of the “Holy Land,” but also between Israel and Egypt, Jerusalem and the Vatican.

Chouraqui’s crucial work as a member of the Resistance and a Holocaust rescuer in the Vivarais Plateau region of south central France, more commonly...

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