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Memories and Silences Haunted by Fascism

Italian Colonialism MCMXXX-MCMLX

Daniela Baratieri

Fascist and colonial legacies have been determinant in shaping how Italian colonialism has been narrated in Italy till the late 1960s. This book deals with the complex problem of public memory and discursive amnesia.
The detailed research that underpins this book makes it no longer possible to claim that after 1945 there was an absolute and traumatic silence concerning Italy’s colonial occupation of North and East Africa. However, the abiding public use of this history confirms the existence of an extremely selective and codified memory of that past.
The author shows that colonial discourse persisted in historiography, newspapers, newsreels and film. Popular culture appears intertwined with political and economic interests and the power inscribed in elite and scientific knowledge. While readdressing the often mistaken historical time line that ignores that actual Italian colonial ties did not end with the fall of Fascism, but in 1960 with Somalia becoming independent, this book suggests that a new post Fascist Italian identity was the crucial issue in reappraisals of a national colonial past.

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Filmography Italian Films referring to Africa Avventura in un harem. Roma: Latium-Film, 1910. Il fiore del deserto. Roma: Cines, 1911. Raggio di luce. Roma: Cines, 1911. Un'avventura coloniale. Roma: Cines, 1911. Cocciutelli va in Guerra. Milano: Milano-films, 1912; alternative titles Kelly in Battle, Kelly goes to War, Pass-partout en guerre. Negri comici. Roma: Cines, 1912; alternative titles Comic negroes, Negro cómicos. Nel mondo della... mezzaluna. Helios-Film, 1912. Polidor ritorna da Tripoli. Torino: Pasquali Films, 1912. Fineschi, Armando. Pik Nik odia il turco. Torino: Aquila-Films, 1912; alternative titles Pick Nick odia el enemigo. ———. Pik Nik vuole andare a Tripoli. Torino: Aquila-Films, 1912 Guazzoni Enrico. Le medaglie di Bidoni. Roma: Cines, 1912; alternative titles Bidoni a Tripoli, I nostri eroi. Notari Nicola. Guerra italo-turca tra scugnizzi napoletani. Napoli: Dora-Films, 1912. Notari, Elvira. L’eroismo di un aviatore a Tripoli. Napoli: Dora Films, 1912. Righelli Gennaro. Due volte colpito al cuore. Napoli: Vesuvio-Films, 1912. ———. L'eroica fanciulla di Derna. Napoli: Vesuvio-Films, 1912; alternative titles The Heroine from Derna. Del Colle, Ubaldo Maria. Bianco contro negro. Torino: Pasquali-Films, 1913; alternative titles Blanc contre négre, Blanco contro Negro, The Iron First, White against Black. Bidoni e l’araba. Roma: Cines Films, 1914; alternative titles Bidoni et la negresse, Bidoni y el árabe. Kri Kri reduce d'Africa. Roma: Cines, 1914. Kri Kri torna a Tripoli. Roma: Cines, 1914. Miriam. Roma: Cines, 1914; alternative titles La fanciulla araba. Pastrone Giovanni (Fosco Piero) . Cabiria. Itala-Film, 1914. Kri kri odalisca, Roma: Cines, 1915. Genina Augusto. Kalida'a, la storia di una...

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