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The Literary Institution in Portugal since the Thirties

An Analysis under Special Consideration of the Publishing Market

Margarida Rendeiro

Despite the numerous studies of the politics, economy, culture, and society of the Estado Novo, the relations established between publishers, authors, and governmental institutions and their contribution to the making of the literary canon are still marginal subjects of analysis. Based on the systems theories developed by Bourdieu, Dubois and Even-Zohar, this study focuses on the cultural production produced during the Estado Novo (1933-1974) and after the Revolution (1974-2004), within their political, economic and social framework. The chapters on José Saramago and José Luís Peixoto show them as examples of literary consecration that confirm the systemic relations in the Portuguese literary field. This research makes use of a survey on habits of purchase of Portuguese fiction, interviews with publishers, original statistical analyses, and takes a new approach to the study of Portuguese literature.

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List of Acronyms 13

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13 List of Acronyms APE Associação Portuguesa de Escritores [Portuguese Association of Writers] APEL Associação Portuguesa de Editores e Livreiros [Portuguese Association of Publishers and Booksellers] CADC Centro Académico para a Democracia Cristã [Academic Centre for Christian Democracy] CDS Centro Democrático Social [Social Democratic Centre] FAOJ Fundo de Apoio a Organizações de Juventude [Fund for Youth Organizations] FNAT Fundação Nacional para a Alegria no Trabalho [National Foundation for the Joy at Work] ICAP Instituto de Cultura e Arte Portuguesa [Portuguese Institute of Arts and Culture] ICALP Instituto de Cultura, Arte e Língua Portuguesa [Portuguese Institute of Arts, Culture and Language] IPLB Instituto Português do Livro e das Bibliotecas [Portuguese Institute of the Book and Libraries] MFA Movimento das Forças Armadas [Movement of the Armed Forces] MUD Movimento de Unidade Democrática [Movement for Democratic Union] MUNAF Movimento de Unidade Nacional Anti Fascista [Movement of Anti Fascist National Union] 14 PCP Partido Comunista Português [Portuguese Communist Party] PDC Partido da Democracia Cristã [Party of Christian Democracy] PEN Poets, Essayists and Novelists PVDE Polícia de Vigilância e Defesa do Estado [Police of Vigilance and Defence of the State] PIDE Polícia Internacional de Defesa do Estado [International Police for the Defence of the State] PPD Partido Popular Democrático [Democratic Popular Movement] PREC Plano Revolucionário em Curso [Ongoing Revolutionary Plan] PS Partido Socialista [Socialist Party] RTP Rádio Televisão Portuguesa [Portuguese Broadcasting Authority] SEIT Secretariado de Informação...

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