An Analysis under Special Consideration of the Publishing Market
CHAPTER 3 Literary Canon and Ideology in the Formation of Cultural Identity during the Estado Novo (1933-1974) 55
55 CHAPTER 3 Literary Canon and Ideology in the Formation of Cultural Identity during the Estado Novo (1933-1974) This chapter will seek to establish that during the Estado Novo the Government coordinated the educational and the cultural policies and oriented consecration of literary authors and texts with the purpose of creating a corpus of national literature, representative of the Regime’s ideological principles. It will also discuss to what extent the Government’s construction of cultural identity inter- fered with the promotion of Portuguese literature in worldwide book markets. This chapter will focus on the role of the Govern- ment as consecrating agent. Since Government-sponsored literary prizes rewarded works that reflected the Regime’s promotion of cultural regeneration of the nation, my analysis focuses on writers, texts rewarded and financial rewards and systematized this information in five tables. Data were first published by the SNI and have been differently compiled by historians.1 My tables also include the prizewinners’ publishing houses and, thus, this facilitates an examination of the profile and prestige of publishers of the SNI prizewinners, cross- ing them with data of prizewinners and works. I compared literary prizes with the Government’s official speeches and facts and fig- ures on the Portuguese book trade, in order to consider the follow- ing: the extent to which financial rewards indicated a scale of im- 1 For information on prizewinners, works and financial rewards, see António Ferro, Prémios Literários (1934-1947) (Lisbon: SNI, 1950); João Medina, ed., História Contemporânea de...
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