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The Literary Institution in Portugal since the Thirties

An Analysis under Special Consideration of the Publishing Market

Margarida Rendeiro

Despite the numerous studies of the politics, economy, culture, and society of the Estado Novo, the relations established between publishers, authors, and governmental institutions and their contribution to the making of the literary canon are still marginal subjects of analysis. Based on the systems theories developed by Bourdieu, Dubois and Even-Zohar, this study focuses on the cultural production produced during the Estado Novo (1933-1974) and after the Revolution (1974-2004), within their political, economic and social framework. The chapters on José Saramago and José Luís Peixoto show them as examples of literary consecration that confirm the systemic relations in the Portuguese literary field. This research makes use of a survey on habits of purchase of Portuguese fiction, interviews with publishers, original statistical analyses, and takes a new approach to the study of Portuguese literature.

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Translations of Portuguese Quotations 327

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327 Translations of Portuguese Quotations Chapter 2 p. 35, n. 1: ‘But the State’s fortune, a necessary requirement to res- cue Nation from total ruin and disorder, is not enough to sustain material and moral renovation and it does not ensure stability, the future of accomplished work. That must be based on the reform of education’. p. 37, n. 8: ‘[…] we have respected the believer’s conscience and have consolidated religious peace – We do not question God […] We have resolutely placed nationalism at the indestructible basis of the New State […] we do not question the Mother Country. We do not question authority […] it is a fact and a need […]we do not question family. Man is raised in it, and generations are brought up in it […] we do neither question Work, both as a right nor as an obligation’. p. 37, n. 9: ‘The Education to be implemented, at a time of national rebirth, has to start from an act of faith in the Portuguese nation and be inspired by healthy nationalism. You have to love and get to know Portugal – its past heroic greatness, its present of material and moral possibilities and foresee it in its future of progress, beauty and harmony’ p. 38, n. 11: ‘I consider more urgent the creation of vast elites than the necessity to teach the people how to read. Because major do- mestic problems must be solved by elites and not by masses. Be- cause major domestic problems must be solved by elites that...

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