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The Logic of Cultures

Three Structures of Philosophical Thought

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Paul Taborsky

This book proposes to identify three long-term structures in causal reasoning – in particular, in terms of the relationship between cause and identity – that appear to be of value in categorizing and organizing various trends in philosophical thought.
Such conceptual schemes involve a host of philosophical dilemmas (such as the problem of relativism), which are examined in the first chapter. A number of naturalistic and transcendental approaches to this problem are also analysed.
In particular, the book attempts to construct a theoretical basis for Foucault’s tripartite classification of epistemological structures in European thought.
The final chapter attempts to buttress the above schema by extending the analysis from cause and identity to growth, change, and stability, critiquing certain ideas of Foucault and Heidegger, as well as examining the contemporary thought of process philosophy and complexity theory.

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Index 265

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265 Index aemulatio, 61, 62, 67 Aristotle, 76, 187, 242 Bacon, Francis, 107, 111, 118 Benedict, Ruth, 2 Bochenski, I.M., 39, 41 Boutroux, E., 29, 157 butterfly effect, 10, 128, 177, 227 Carnot’s principle, 176, 178, 181, 183, 184 Cassirer, E., 2, 91, 92, 138, 159, 185 chaos, 109, 195, 197, 248 Chinese box, 188 Cohen, Hermann, 92, 138, 141, 155 continuity, 157, 158, 163–173, 176, 185 convenientia, 61, 66, 131, 195, 199 copy theory of knowledge, 92 Descartes, R., 78–93, 183, 243 dialethism, 157 Dilthey, Wilhelm, 21, 22, 27, 30, 31, 37, 161 esse sequitur operandi, 212, 213, 214, 224 Fleck, L., 15 focal meaning. See paronymy Foucault, Michel, 15, 17, 18, 19, 40, 41, 51, 52, 53 and epidemics, 207 and historicism, 22–37 and language, 47–51, 94, 203, 205 and 'Man', 23, 28, 48, 137, 155 and natural science, 27 and order, 42–50, 93, 102 and visibility, 100–106 Foucault’s Classical Epistemology Principle, 204 functionalism, 236, 238 Hacking, Ian, 13–19, 25–28, 32, 35, 38, 39, 40, 107, 118, 149 Han, Beatrice, 4, 28, 36 Hegel, G.W.F., 255 Heidegger, M., 4, 160, 161, 162, 182, 246 and historical time, 249–257 and historicism, 159 and Meyerson, 182–185 Helmholtz, H., 162–166, 170 historical a priori, 4, 32–36 historical ontology, 18, 26, 32, 35 historicism, 3, 19, 22, 27, 30, 31, 32, 35, 52, 137 homeopathy, 63, 228 Huizinga, Johan, 6, 59, 60, 62, 63, 66, 68, 195 Hume, David, 111,...

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