Working with Children and Youth for the Future
Edited By Melinda Ann Dooly Owenby
Fostering Cooperation to Manage Situations of Interdependence Successfully Carmen Tabernero & Elena Briones 231
Fostering Cooperation to Manage Situations of Interdependence Successfully CARMEN TABERNERO & ELENA BRIONES Cooperative behaviour is essential in a prosperous society, especially in situations of interdependence (Aumann and Schelling 2005). The need for interdependence in cooperative learning has been discussed in previous chapters (see Vallejo and Oller, Dooly); it has been argued that cooperative learning must be understood as a basic com- petence we need to provide to students for the future. More and more workplaces emphasize the need for cooperative teamwork, highlighting the need for this competence for future citizens (Nadler and Tushman 1999). At the same time, it must be recognised that situations of interdependence may bring about moments of social interaction in which individuals attempt to maximise personal benefit, irregardless of the possible detriment of the collective to which they belong, especially when a group of people has to share a limited number of resources. In such cases, there is a tendency to act self-sufficiently, even though they know that mutual cooperation could produce greater benefits for more people. Therefore, understanding the behaviour of young Europeans when faced with social dilemmas and designing programmes that can guarantee their future cooperation in the European Union are critical issues in today’s world (Weber, Kopelman, and Messick 2004). This chapter examines some of the variables that help to con- struct a context of cooperation in order to suggest intervention strategies that foster cooperation between people from different backgrounds. This chapter focuses primarily on the Ultimatum Game (principally using data collected in...
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