Edited By Christine Reynier
Mediterranean cultures are shown to haunt American and British culture and artistic productions. The relation between British and American literature and art on the one hand, and Mediterranean arts on the other goes beyond the mere inscription of British and American culture in a Mediterranean tradition. British and American culture and art come out as unearthing a wide variety of Mediterranean artistic forms, renewing and transforming them.
This collection shows how lively the encounter between the Mediterranean and the English-Speaking worlds still is. It highlights how much English as well as American culture and art owe today to the Mediterranean ones; how, mainly in the fields of literature and art, the two civilisations have never discontinued the dialogue they adumbrated centuries ago.
JONATHAN POLLOCK - Lucretius, Bruno and Finnegans Wake - 81
JONATHAN POLLOCK Lucretius, Bruno and Finnegans Wake Giordano Bruno of Nola is mentioned over a hundred times in Finnegans Wake, under various denominations: Nolan, Father San Browne, Padre Don Bruno, Fratomistor Nawlanmore and Brawne (50), O’Breen (56), Nolans Brumans (93), brulobrulo (117), O’Bruin (128), Bruno Nowlan (152), Nolan Browne (159), Davy Browne-Nolan (177), Brawn, Nayman of Noland (187), B. Rohan, N. Ohlan (251), Browne and Nolan (268), nolens volens, brune in brume (271), Jordani (287), Boehernapark No- lagh (321), The Nolan of the Calabashes, Saint Bruno (336), the widow Nolan, the Brownes girls (380), Nolans, Bruneyes (418), Bruno and No- la, Nola Bruno, egobruno, alionola, brunoipso, Bruin, Nolans (488), No- lan, pronolan, Mr Nobru, Mr Anol (490), Browne, Nolan (503), brigadi- er-general Nolan, buccaneer-admiral Browne (567), Bruno Friars, Se- nior Nowno, Senior Brolano (569), Browne yet Noland (599), etc. The name of Bruno’s birthplace, Nola, becomes that of his alter ego, in keep- ing with the doctrine of the coincidentia oppositorum that Bruno and Joyce gleaned from another Renaissance philosopher, Nicolas da Cusa. As Umberto Eco points out, Joyce is given to quoting the following pas- sage from Coleridge’s essay on Bruno in The Friend: ‘Every power in nature or in spirit must evolve an opposite as the sole condition and means of its manifestation; and every opposition is, therefore, a tendency to reunion’ (Eco 297). ‘The contraries are in the contraries’, says Filoteo in De l’infinito, universo e mondi (Bruno 165), one of three metaphysical dialogues that Bruno published...
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