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Teaching and Learning in the Arab World

Christina Gitsaki

In the Arab States, globalization and economic development have had a significant effect on education. Serious concerns have been expressed over the state of education in the Arab world. Even in the oil-rich Gulf States, with over 200 higher education institutions, education is problematic with a notable lack of emphasis on specialized science and innovative learning. The Gulf States are in a race to become ‘knowledge economies’ and, as a result, they are promoting educational reforms such as the application of bilingual education models and curricula adopted from the West. This book provides a collection of studies on the state of education in Arab countries with a special focus on the Arabian Gulf, where currently there is increased activity and investment in education. The book is composed of three major sections. The first section is a collection of nine papers on current practices and challenges in education in the Arab world. The second major section is devoted to the educational reforms that are being implemented in the Arabian Gulf. The third and final section is a collection of papers describing new approaches to teaching and learning in the Arab world.

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List of Abbreviations 463

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List of Abbreviations ADUPC Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council AHDR Arab Human Development Report AR Action Research BANA Britain, Australia & North America BTC Bahrain Teachers’ College CA Classical Arabic CA Contrastive Analysis CEPA Common Education Proficiency Assessment EA Error Analysis EAP English for Academic Purposes EFA Education for All EFL English as a Foreign Language ESL English as a Second Language GCC Gulf Cooperation Council GPA Grade Point Average GTE General Teaching Efficacy HCT Higher Colleges of Technology HDYSP How Do You Solve Problems HEI Higher Education Institution HPS High-Performing Schools ICEQ Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire IELTS International English Language Testing System IL Interlanguage IRE Initiation Response Evaluation ITAL Inventory for Teaching and Learning KHDA Knowledge and Human Development Authority L1 First Language, Mother Tongue L2 Second Language LPS Low-Performing Schools 464 List of Abbreviations MENA Middle East and North Africa MGT Matched Guise Technique MIC Ministry of Information and Culture MoE Ministry of Education MSA Modern Standard Arabic NAPO National Admissions and Placement Office NIE National Institute of Education NLS New Literacy Studies OAT Orthographic Awareness Test PAT Phonological Awareness Test PBL Problem-Based Learning PD Professional Development PIRLS Progress for International Reading Literacy Study PISA Program for International Student Assessment PTE Personal Teaching Efficacy QCET Qatar Comprehensive Educational Tests SAV Spoken Arabic Vernacular SLTL School Level Team Leader SPSS Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SUQ Stenden University in Qatar TAOP Teacher Attitudes Observation Protocol TBL Task-Based Learning TES Teacher Efficacy Scale TESEP Teachers who work in Secondary and...

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