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Stabilization and Progress in the Western Balkans

Proceedings of the Symposium 2010, Basel, Switzerland September 17-19


Edited By Dusan Simko and Ueli Mäder

For more than a decade, the Balkans have been a centre of crisis – armed conflicts have brought death, expulsion, destruction and untold suffering to the people. The postwar efforts of the West have failed to bring lasting stability and real progress so far.
The Symposium at Basel University was an interdisciplinary event where complex issues were elucidated by historians, geographers, sociologists and political scientists. The event enabled East and West European scholars and their American counterparts to exchange their somewhat divergent views. The speakers covered a broad range of subjects: historical causes, aspects of postwar economic and social development as well as sociocultural consequences of the democratization process. Special attention was devoted to the situation of minorities, the refugee problem and the security situation in the fragile states of the West Balkans and also to the responsibility of the EU and USA for the general stagnation in the area.
The Symposium was intended to illustrate differing interpretations of the events of the past ten years and to encourage discussion between speakers and participants at the event.


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MIROSLAV SVIRCEVIC - History of Civil War in Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992–5: The Carrington-Cutileiro Peace Plan - 83


83 MIROSLAV SVIREVI History of Civil War in Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992–5: The Carrington-Cutileiro Peace Plan Introduction The bloody disintegration of Yugoslavia was certainly the most sig- nificant world event after the Cold War and the crash of the global communist order. Splitting as a result of internal conflicts and los- ing the support of the great powers, communist Yugoslavia had no chance to modernize or to survive as a state. The central republic of former Yugoslavia – Bosnia-Herzegovina – experienced a similarly disastrous fate. Composed of three peoples with the same ethnic ori- gin, but with different national and religious affiliations, Bosnia- Herzegovina paid the highest price of all the Yugoslav republics for the disintegration of Yugoslavia and communism. A bloody civil war raged between Bosnia’s people, marked by serious crimes commit- ted by all sides. However, this was not something new in the his- tory of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Intolerance and conflicts between Muslims, Serbs and Croats have marked the modern history of Bosnia-Herzegovina. In the past, these nations lived under different autocratic regimes: until 1878 under the Ottoman Empire; from 1878–1918 under the Austro-Hungarian government; from 1918–1941 in a unitary and centralized Kingdom of Yugoslavia; from 1941–5 under the terrorist regime of Paveli’s Nazi ‘Independent State of Croatia’, from 1945–92 under the com- munist regime of Josip Broz Tito. Crises in Bosnia-Herzegovina turned into wars several times: during the First and Second Serbian Uprising against the Ottomans (from 1804–13 and 1815) the strongest Ottoman forces came from...

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