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The Paths of Creation

Creativity in Science and Art

Series:

Sixto J. Castro and Alfredo Marcos

Edited By Sixto J. Castro and Alfredo Marcos

The Paths of Creation explores the idea of creativity both in science and in art. The editors have collected papers from different philosophers working on philosophy of science and aesthetics to show that the creative processes of science and art share identical procedures: metaphor, ruled method, analogy, abduction, similarity. They are both surrounded by emotions, contain inspirations, proceed through revolutions that maintain some kind of continuity, and have a long common history in which no one worried about whether something was science or art. The purpose of this volume is to show that there are no different rationalities applied to science and art, but the same human reason developing in different forms to create not just different disciplines, but different worlds as well.

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Part I. Creative Procedures

Extract

Creative Rules and the Anomic Fallacy SIXTO J. CASTRO Smokey, this is not ‘Nam. This is bowling. There are rules. Walter Sobchak, The great Lebowski 1. The Anomic Fallacy Many artists say they do not follow rules but only their own subjectivity, understood as an anomic, unregulated source that originates any other reality. However, in Kant- ian terms, one might say that they are unable to give an account of the rules they have been following, which is something quite different. In the Critique of Judge- ment, Kant states that genius is not subject to rules, even though he is slightly more precise: genius is subject only to the rules nature imposes upon it. This is a key issue. One cannot defend the non-existence of rules. Any human practice has rules that shape it and that ultimately define it. Changing the rules means changing the prac- tice, thus proposing that one should not follow a rule is nothing but to impose yet another rule that prohibits the following of rules, which is a performative contradic- tion. Given that the very exclusion of the rules requires a rule, it becomes impossible to escape the cycle, for human practices are what they are primarily due to method, and not to origin; as Gilbert Ryle demonstrated when he defeated what he called the “intellectualist legend”1. This idea of a regulated nature applies to all human practices. Even zombies, so prevalent in modern philosophy, cannot evade this requirement. What differentiates them from their...

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