Evidence from Multi-Dimensional Analysis and Corpora
Chapter 5 Closing Credits: Implications and Applications 117
117 Chapter 5 Closing Credits: Implications and Applications 5.1 Authentic Movie Language In the introduction to this study I pointed out that I wanted to examine the linguistic features characterizing American face-to-face and movie conversation, two domains which are usually claimed to differ espe- cially in terms of spontaneity. It has already been recalled in Sections 1.1, 1.3, and 3.1 that natural conversation is considered the quint- essence of the spoken language (Sinclair 2004b) as it is totally spon- taneous, whereas movie conversation is usually described as non- spontaneous, being artificially written-to-be-spoken (Nencioni 1976, Gregory and Carroll 1978, Taylor 1999, Rossi 2003, Pavesi 2005) and, thus, not likely to represent the general usage of conversation (Sinclair 2004b). My objective was to investigate authentic movie data (and not webscripts) to compare these two different linguistic provinces of dis- course, as Sinclair (2004b: 80) advocates: In summary I am advocating that we should trust the text. We should be open to what it may tell us. We should not impose our ideas on it, except perhaps just to get started. Until we see what the preliminary results are, we should apply only frameworks that are loose and flexible, in order to accommodate the new information that will come from the text. We should expect to encounter unusual phenomena; we should accept that a large part of our linguistic behaviour is subliminal, and that therefore we may find a lot of surprises. We should search for models that are especially appropriate to the...
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