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Movie Language Revisited

Evidence from Multi-Dimensional Analysis and Corpora


Pierfranca Forchini

This book explores the linguistic nature of American movie conversation, pointing out its resemblances to face-to-face conversation. The reason for such an investigation lies in the fact that movie language is traditionally considered to be non-representative of spontaneous language. The book presents a corpus-driven study of the similarities between face-to-face and movie conversation, using detailed consideration of individual lexical phrases and linguistic features as well as Biber’s Multi-Dimensional Analysis (1998). The data from an existing spoken American English corpus – the Longman Spoken American Corpus – is compared to the American Movie Corpus, a corpus of American movie conversation purposely built for the research. On the basis of evidence from these corpora, the book shows that contemporary movie conversation does not differ significantly from face-to-face conversation, and can therefore be legitimately used to study and teach natural spoken language.


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Appendices 123


123 Appendices Appendix 1. Linguistic Features Codes (Multi-Dimensional Analysis) Appendices Appendix 1. Linguistic features codes (Multi-Dimensional analysis) COUNT Codes Linguistic Features {Positive Dimension 1} 1 = prv_vb Private Verbs (e. g. believe, feel, think) 2 = that_del ‘That’ Deletion 3 = contrac Contraction 4 = pres Verb (uninflected present, imperative & third person) 5 = pro2 Second person pronoun / possessive 6 = pro_do Verb ‘Do’ 7 = pdem Demonstrative Pronoun 8 = gen_emph Adverb / Qualifier – Emphatic (e. g. just, really, so) 9 = pro1 First person pronoun / possessive 10 = it Pronoun ‘it’ 11 = be_state Verb ‘Be’ (uninflected present tense, verb and auxiliary) 12 = sub_cos Subordinating Conjunction – Causative (e. g. because) 13 = prtcle Discourse Particle (e. g. now) 14 = pany Nominal Pronoun (e. g. someone, everything) 15 = gen_hdg Adverbial - Hedge (e. g. almost, maybe) 16 = amplifr Adverb / Qualifier – Amplifier (e. g. absolutely, entirely) 17 = wh_ques Wh- question 18 = pos_mod Modals of possibility (can, may, might, could) 19 = o_and Coordinating conjunction – clausal connector 20 = wh_cl Wh- Clause 21 = finlprep Stranded Preposition 124 {Negative Dimension 1} 22 = n Noun 23 = prep Preposition 24 = adj_attr Attributive Adjective {Dimension 2} 25 = pasttnse Past Tense Verb 26 = pro3 Third person pronoun (except ‘it’) 27 = perfects Verb – Perfect Aspect 28 = pub_vb Public Verbs (e. g. assert, complain, say) {Dimension 3} 29 = rel_obj Wh pronoun – relative clause – object position 30 = rel_subj Wh pronoun – relative clause – subject position 31 = rel_pipe Wh pronoun – relative clause – object position with prepositional...

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