Reason and Faith
ALESSANDRO GIORDANI – PAOLO GOMARASCA Trust as the End of Practical Reason. Justification Procedures 39
39 Trust as the End of Practical Reason. Justification Procedures ALESSANDRO GIORDANI – PAOLO GOMARASCA1 Introduction This paper is about the epistemology of practical reason and, in particular, the function of trust as an end to be pursued rationally in praxis. Our purpose is threefold: first, to present an outline of the structure of practi- cal reason; secondly, to compare practical reason and scientific reason in order to determine the main differences between these two basic manifes- tations of human reason; finally, to argue in favour of a non-utilitarian model of practical reason in the light of some results of contemporary economic theory. The paper consists of two main sections and a conclusion. The first part is centred on the presentation of the structure of practical reason accord- ing to both the classic Aristotelian view and the contemporary consequent- ialist model. Despite its brevity, this account is detailed enough to present the main elements of the inferences proposed as justifying the actions per- formed by an agent. As it is well known, the classic Aristotelian idea of man forms the basis for a concept of virtue as the excellent actualization of the human potential, and for the concept of valuable action as an element of the virtuous life. The definition of virtue involves an essential reference to the concept of man, which leads to identifying ends, and to the figure of the sage, who identifies the correct means to achieve these ends. The main issue about this model is linked to...
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