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Understanding Human Experience

Reason and Faith

Francesco Botturi

Experience is a very basic concept and, at the same time, an extremely complex subject. How does our everyday experience as a human being relate with scientific knowledge and moral conduct? What kind of mutual relationship lies between human experience, reason and faith? This book gathers the results of a joint philosophical research which puts human experience in question from the diverse perspectives of a selected group of scholars. These collected essays lead the reader through a wide investigation articulated in two stages: the first goes from epistemology to theory of experience and the second moves from theory of experience to theology. Special attention is devoted to the many implications of human experience in the much debated and controversial relationship between reason and faith. The outcome is a plural account which looks with deep interest at a wide range of human experiences, especially those intertwined with the field of natural sciences, the challenges of ethical normativity or the traits of religious commitment.

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ALESSANDRO GIORDANI – PAOLO GOMARASCA Trust as the End of Practical Reason. Justification Procedures 39

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39 Trust as the End of Practical Reason. Justification Procedures ALESSANDRO GIORDANI – PAOLO GOMARASCA1 Introduction This paper is about the epistemology of practical reason and, in particular, the function of trust as an end to be pursued rationally in praxis. Our purpose is threefold: first, to present an outline of the structure of practi- cal reason; secondly, to compare practical reason and scientific reason in order to determine the main differences between these two basic manifes- tations of human reason; finally, to argue in favour of a non-utilitarian model of practical reason in the light of some results of contemporary economic theory. The paper consists of two main sections and a conclusion. The first part is centred on the presentation of the structure of practical reason accord- ing to both the classic Aristotelian view and the contemporary consequent- ialist model. Despite its brevity, this account is detailed enough to present the main elements of the inferences proposed as justifying the actions per- formed by an agent. As it is well known, the classic Aristotelian idea of man forms the basis for a concept of virtue as the excellent actualization of the human potential, and for the concept of valuable action as an element of the virtuous life. The definition of virtue involves an essential reference to the concept of man, which leads to identifying ends, and to the figure of the sage, who identifies the correct means to achieve these ends. The main issue about this model is linked to...

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