Reason and Faith
Edited By Francesco Botturi
GIACOMO SAMEK LODOVICI Virtue at the Crossroads of Experience, Reason and Trust 81
Virtue at the Crossroads of Experience, Reason and Trust GIACOMO SAMEK LODOVICI The present contribution is aimed at illustrating just some aspects of the relationship between virtue, reason, experience and trust. The meanings of these terms that the reader will find in this paper are not the only legiti- mate ones: they are just those which I have used here and which I want to define at once for clarity’s sake, as sometimes debates on such topics are affected by the different meanings with which these words are employed. – Ethical virtue: is the propensity to perform morally good actions1; – intellective virtue: is the propensity to perform the intellective acts that perceive the truth; – a virtuous action: is an action emanating from a virtue; – reason: is the faculty whereby the subject comes to know something about being and about acting; – experience 1 (in a minimal sense): is an event relative to a subject, in which the latter is involved both consciously and willingly (sometimes, however, we say we have experienced something which we have only undergone: we were passive, if conscious, patients); – experience 2: is a set of (somehow connected, not only juxtaposed) experiences 1 lived out by a subject, from which the latter draws some kind of lesson. I shall define an act of faith, or trust, in the next paragraph. 1 The very possibility of the existence of an ethical virtue is often disputed and opens a number of issues requiring a more thorough discussion than cannot be provided...
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