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Understanding Human Experience

Reason and Faith

Edited By Francesco Botturi

Experience is a very basic concept and, at the same time, an extremely complex subject. How does our everyday experience as a human being relate with scientific knowledge and moral conduct? What kind of mutual relationship lies between human experience, reason and faith? This book gathers the results of a joint philosophical research which puts human experience in question from the diverse perspectives of a selected group of scholars. These collected essays lead the reader through a wide investigation articulated in two stages: the first goes from epistemology to theory of experience and the second moves from theory of experience to theology. Special attention is devoted to the many implications of human experience in the much debated and controversial relationship between reason and faith. The outcome is a plural account which looks with deep interest at a wide range of human experiences, especially those intertwined with the field of natural sciences, the challenges of ethical normativity or the traits of religious commitment.

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GIUSEPPE COLOMBO Generative Fiduciality and Experience 143

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143 Generative Fiduciality and Experience GIUSEPPE COLOMBO The Original Locus of Experience Man is given to himself through “being brought into the world by others”, thus standing, structurally and permanently, in a “sonship” position; for he is, in different ways and degrees, always generated by others. The forgetfulness/removal of this elementary and substantial truth has had, from the modern to the post-modern era, catastrophic consequences, such as the curtailment of life to production, artifice, and ownership (in terms of family relationships, birth and death, education, etc.). I am therefore convinced that a renewed anthropological perspective needs to probe into the paradigm of identity and its inter-subjective ac- knowledgement, as given and fulfilled in a “generative fiducial relation- ship”. By this expression I define, first of all, not an occasional event but a “state”, the stable and intimate human disposition that is not only an ines- capable condition but also the structural need without which no indi- vidual with his or her whole (i. e., human) experience could be born or attain perfection. Such a relationship is thus simultaneously stable and dynamic, as it forms the human identity in the actual making of its his- tory. Also, by using the term “fiducial” to describe this generative relation- ship, I assume that it does not just coincide with the biopsychic produc- tion of human individuals; rather, it is a specifically human generation which, as such, cannot take place outside the mutual entrusting of the subjects involved, namely, a “state of faith”. Here...

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