Reason and Faith
Edited By Francesco Botturi
MASSIMO EPIS Theory of Experience and Truthful Form of Faith 163
163 Theory of Experience and Truthful Form of Faith MASSIMO EPIS The debate on the relationship between faith and reason has long been weighed down by the assumption that these two spheres are structured independently of, or even in opposition to, each other. The present contri- bution aims to show, however briefly, their actual, original articulation through a hermeneutical-phenomenological understanding of the human experience as the source of all meanings. To begin with, I shall briefly recall the unique identity of the Chris- tian faith and the critical responsibility produced by it (the epistemolo- gical explanation of the ratio fidei) (1.). Given the impossibility to pro- vide a full account of a centuries-old theological debate, I have selected as emblematic the difference between the Thomasian synthesis and modern problematization, to arrive at a discussion on the theoretical options contained in the apologetics of pre-Vatican II manuals (2.). While investigating the circumstances in which the Christian faith was insti- tuted I shall focus on the truth conditions for the actualization of ration- ality. Unravelling the mesh of reason and truth engages philosophy, first of all, to identify the anthropological medium whereby meaning is formed. (3.). In this direction I shall use Husserl’s analysis of perceptive experience, without sharing its withdrawal into transcendental idealism. The pathic-practical dynamism of subjectivity appears transversal as to the forms of transcendence (of Leib versus Körper, of others’ I, of the injunction connoting an individual’s uniqueness) that qualify perso- nal ipseity. (3.1.). An analysis of the...
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