Reason and Faith
Edited By Francesco Botturi
PIERLUIGI LIA Experience and Faith: Freedom as a Foundation. Some Reflections in the Wake of F. W. J. Schelling 179
179 Experience and Faith: Freedom as a Foundation. Some Reflections in the Wake of F. W. J. Schelling PIERLUIGI LIA Experience, faith, and freedom command huge attention in the philo- sophical and theological forum and are the object of often irreconcilable approaches and considerations ranging from metaphysics to the neuro- sciences. In the following pages the freedom experienced by man is assumed as real; besides, freedom is assumed to be man’s own qualifying feature; the reason for, and the possibility of, his knowledge, his conscience, and that unique form of existence which characterizes him, which we call experi- ence. All these exist within that perspective which, at least since Pareyson, is commonly known as Ontology of Freedom (Pareyson 2000). This defini- tion is found ambiguous by C. Ciancio, although the same author has shown its actual relevancy and usefulness within the philosophical dis- course (Ciancio 2009, 155). The assumption that freedom is the qualifying feature of man and his world implies its non-incontrovertible evidence. As regards knowledge [of freedom] as a ‘ground non-ground’ the only adequate route is that of the wager. […] Truth is given only if the origin has been determined, that is, if freedom has made a choice. This choice, though, coming from an unfathomable freedom, cannot be demonstrated and may be confused with an arbitrary and non- essential manifestation. To acknowledge it as freedom, the authentic manifestation of the origin, can only be the result of a free act […] in itself the attestation of an unnecessary truth...
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