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Technology and Non-Evident Risk – A Contribution to Prevention

Guillermo Miguel Eguiazu and Alberto Motta

This book deals with the prevention of potential non-evident risks on human health associated with technology which encloses the general knowledge of developing processes used to achieve either goods or services. The voids in technological knowledge used in the development of new technologies are responsible for hidden defects in the same. The authors suggest that hidden defects in technologies are accountable for hazards in generations of environmental factors that they call technopathogens. These factors can cause adverse effects to human health which are expressed not immediately but over years or even generations. This phenomenon is defined as technopathogeny. Since technopathogeny cannot be framed within existing disciplines related to the phenomenon such as risk assessment, risk management, technology assessment, technological genesis, environmental impact assessment, life cycle assessment or ecology, the authors coin a new term for this specific discipline called Technopathogenology.


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CHAPTER III – Technopathogenology – The science and its method


CHAPTER III Technopathogenology – The science and its method ‘To protect present and future Humans’ I. Introduction When we finished our Introduction, we said that following the principle of Ancient Greeks, the aim of Technopathogenology is to contribute to the establishment of the canons which Technology should respect, so that the generated change does not lead to adverse effects of late manife- station in human health. Such change should not neglect the environment or fellow living creatures, which are many times not the direct beneficia- ries of the work created by the Technical Man. We chose the epigraph to protect present and future Humans for this chapter – in which we will describe our disciplinary proposal – as a prin- ciple and commitment that must guide the search for knowledge in our discipline and also should guide any technological change. In the previous chapters we have dealt with the two first epistemo- logical criteria to support the need for a new science. We have defined both the phenomenon and the theories that showed its disciplinary or- phanage. We have also observed that this phenomenon has its own iden- tity or singularity as well as such a large magnitude or dimension that calls for a new science. In this chapter we will analyze the methodology and tools proposed for the study of this new phenomenon. 268 II. Technopathogenology: The science Technopathogenology. The search for similar scientific situations We have found similarities with the origin of Technopathogenology in the science developed around the study of...

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