Recent Developments in Translatology
In Search of the Initial Translator in Translation and Bilingualism Studies - Esther Álvarez de la Fuente and Raquel Fernández Fuertes 11
Esther Álvarez de la Fuente, University of Valladolid Raquel Fernández Fuertes, University of Valladolid In Search of the Initial Translator in Translation and Bilingualism Studies1 1. Introduction: Broadening the Notion of Translation Translation has been informally and broadly perceived as a commu- nicative act that involves the transfer of meaning of a text from one language into another. According to this definition, translation is seen as a process by means of which an equivalence of meaning between two texts is established. This process has been dealt with in the litera- ture on translation studies from at least two different perspectives: (1) in the more traditional approach, the equivalence process refers to the semantic, pragmatic and stylistic identity between the two texts, the original text and the target text (e.g. Delisle, 1984; Toury, 1984); this viewpoint, which we may refer to as an externally-oriented ap- proach to translation, implies a prescriptive approach towards this process whose starting point is a series of a priori formal criteria that the translator must meet in order to interpret the original text correct- ly and deliver a good translation; (2) under a more communicative perspective, the equivalence process rendering any translation has a more dynamic nature in the sense that, in this rather internally-ori- ented approach (e.g. Nida, 1964; 1976; Seleskovitch, 1976; Rabadán Álvarez, 1991), the reproduction of a message is specially linked and ultimately constrained in a way by the intended interlocutors; that is, the semantic-pragmatic components would weigh more than the...
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