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Divergence and Convergence in Education and Work

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Edited By Vibe Aarkrog and Christian Helms Jørgensen

Are the educational systems in Europe becoming more similar or more different? This book deals with the issue of divergence and convergence in relation to systems, learning environments, and learners in vocational educational training (VET). 18 VET researchers from eight countries contribute to the examination of ‘divergence and convergence’ at three levels: At the national level this volume deals with the following questions: What are the consequences of the European policies that aim at converging the VET systems in Europe? What is the impact of globalization on the national systems? At the level of institutions the central issue concerns the relation between learning environments. What is the coherence between school-based education and learning in the work-place, and how can they connect? Finally at the third level of the learners and their identities the focus is on the role of vocational educational training in the formation of biographies and identities. The book thus covers the central issues on the agenda in relation to future vocational education.

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Introduction ............................................................................................. 9 Section 1 Divergence and Convergence of National Models of Vocational Education THOMAS DEISSINGER Cultural Patterns Underlying Apprenticeship: Germany and the UK ........................................................................... 33 PHILIPP GONON Apprenticeship, Vocationalism and Opposing VET-Reform Trends in Europe ......................................................... 57 KATRIN KRAUS Understanding the Transfer of Concepts between the International and the National Levels: Import or interpretation? ..................................................................... 77 PIA CORT VET Policy Formation and Discourse in the EU: A mobile work force for a European labour market? ...................101 NGUYEN PHUONG-MAI, CEES TERLOUW & ALBERT PILOT Cooperation: Convergence and divergence from a cultural perspective ...............................................................125 6 Table of Contents MARKUS WEIL Networking for Researchers of Vocational Education: Discovering divergence cross-culturally? ........................................149 Section 2 Divergence and Convergence of Learning Environments in Education and Work CHRISTIAN HELMS JØRGENSEN School and Workplace as Learning Environments in Vocational Education and Training .................................................171 GAIL E. FITZSIMONS Mathematics and Numeracy: Divergence and convergence in education and work .................................................197 LENE TANGGAARD Learning at School and Work: Boundary crossing, strangeness and legitimacy in apprentices’ everyday life ...............219 VIBE AARKROG Convergence of General Theory and Practice in VET: Five theses about the students’ motivation for general subjects in VET .....................................................................239 LIV MJELDE Will the Twain Meet? The academic-vocational divide in vocational education in Norway ..................................................261 ANNETTE RASMUSSEN & PALLE RASMUSSEN Educational Knowledge at Work: Tensions in linking general adult education to workplaces ..........285 Table of Contents 7 Section 3 Divergence and Convergence of Vocational Identities and Biographies HEATHER HODKINSON Divergent Perspectives on Learning at for and through Work ....311 IDA JUUL Between Dreams and Realities: Similarities...

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