Expropriations and confiscations, 16 th –20 th Centuries- Expropriations et confiscations, XVI e –XX e siècles
Edited By Luigi Lorenzetti, Michela Barbot and Luca Mocarelli
The papers collected in the present volume suggest that private property is not necessarily the most safeguarded legal model, hence it is not less vulnerable to violation. They construct a close analysis of the most common forms of abuse of private property on record – expropriation, seizure, and confiscation – perpetrated by public authorities. They also seek to define the uneasy, often intricate relation between legal and legitimate. In a perspective of lights and shadows, the role of confiscation and expropriation changes : now seen as powerful instruments of change, now as enduring factors of conservation in the evolution of private ownership rights.
Les droits de propriété sont depuis longtemps au cœur de l’intérêt de diverses disciplines. L’attention des historiens s’est focalisée surtout sur la naissance de la propriété privée et individuelle telle qu’elle a été codifiée dans l’Europe libérale du XIX
Wheat-Storage in Fascist Italy : Evolution and Policies - Manuel Vaquero Piñeiro 263
Wheat-Storage in Fascist Italy : Evolution and Policies Manuel Vaquero Piñeiro Introduction A central feature in the general framework of economic policy pursued by the fascist regime in Italy was the strengthening of agriculture and the full exploi- tation of national agricultural resources. The Battle for Wheat (“la battaglia del grano”) and The Battle for Land (“la bonifica integrale”), which were the subject of massive propaganda campaigns, were the fundamental intervention- ist actions undertaken by the regime. The unfolded from top to bottom and deeply influenced the entire rural productive system1. During the 1920s and 1930s, in an effort to achieve self-sufficiency in food and to reduce imports, the state assumed absolute power over agricultural policy. The rules of the free market were practically eliminated, transforming many economic agents into passive performers without any degree of autonomy2. It is our intention 1 Orlando Giuseppe, “Progressi e difficoltà dell’agricoltura”, in Fuà Giorgio (a cura di), Lo sviluppo economico in Italia. Storia dell’economia italiana negli ultimi cento anni, vol. III. Studi di settore e documentazione di base, Milano, Franco Angeli, 1978, pp. 19–103 (espe- cially pp. 43–46). 2 For some recent discussions of fascist agricultural polices : Preti Domenico, “La politica agraria del fascismo. Note introduttive”, in Studi storici, XIV, 4 (1973), pp. 803–869 ; Tat- tara Giuseppe, Cerealicoltura e politica agraria durante il fascismo, in Toniolo Gianni (a cura di), Lo sviluppo economico italiano 1861–1940, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1973, pp. 373–406 ; Fano Ester, “Problemi e vicende dell’agricoltura italiana tra...
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