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Narratives in Academic and Professional Genres

Series:

Maurizio Gotti and Carmen Sancho Guinda

This book received the Enrique Alcaraz Research Award in 2015.

Through Narrative Theory, the book offers an engaging panorama of the construction of specialised discourses and practices within academia and diverse professional communities. Its chapters investigate genres from various fields, such as aircraft accident reports, clinical cases and other scientific observations, academic conferences, academic blogs, climate-change reports, university decision-making in public meetings, patients’ oral and written accounts of illness, corporate annual reports, journalistic obituaries, university websites, narratives of facts in legal cases, narrative processes in arbitration hearings, briefs, and witness examination accounts. In addition to exploring narration in this wide range of contexts, the volume uses narrative as a powerful tool to gain a methodological insight into professional and academic accounts, and thus it contributes to research into theoretical issues. Under the lens of Narratology, Discourse and Genre Analysis, fresh research windows are opened on the study of academic and professional interactions.

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PILAR MUR DUEÑAS Scholars Recounting their Own Research in Journal Articles: An Intercultural (English-Spanish) Perspective - 217

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PILAR MUR-DUEÑAS Scholars Recounting their Own Research in Journal Articles: An Intercultural (English-Spanish) Perspective 1. Introduction Several argumentative discursive strategies are used by scholars in their research articles (RAs) to convince their peers of the validity of their research and their claims. Narration, which involves providing detailed information about the setting, agents or characters, and the problems and solutions affecting the disciplinary communities within which knowledge is created and distributed, also plays an important role in persuading readers of the soundness and pertinence of the re- search conducted and published. As stated by Cortazzi and Jin (2000: 104), “[e]valuation through narrative is a further important layer. Here tellers and their situations are evaluated through the narratives they tell”. That is, scholars’ research and their ‘face’ are judged based also on their narrations. Narration can be topic-oriented, or factual – i.e. referring to events outside the research context but which are, nevertheless, related and of interest to the disciplinary community (1) –, and research- oriented – i.e. referring to events closely related to the academics’ scholarly work. These can be further subdivided into narrative acts which refer to the research of other scholars (2) and those which refer to the authors’ own research (3). (1) For example, though the market for personal computers has been split ap- proximately 85 percent to 15 percent between the Windows-based PC and Apple Macintosh standards for over a decade, during that time frame several other would-be standards (for example, the Next computer and operating 218 Pilar...

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