Its Changing Pacifism and Security Identity
Chapter Five Japan as a ‘Global Pacifist State’: The Future of the Peace Constitution and Japan’s Core Security Identity 205
205 Chapter Five Japan as a ‘Global Pacifist State’: The Future of the Peace Constitution and Japan’s Core Security Identity Introduction In the previous chapters, the shifts from negative pacifism to positive pacifism have been examined in relation to Japan’s contribution to in- ternational peace operations. Importantly, as shown with the changing public opinion during the early 1990s, the shift to positive pacifism coincided with the shift towards constitutional revision. Indeed, a di- rect correlation between public recognition of the significance of SDF dispatch and support for constitutional revision can be seen. The consti- tutional revision issue is crucial because revision would entail drastic change to Japan’s security identity. In particular, Japan’s pacifist identity will be dramatically altered. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the Japanese constitutional revision debate in relation to implications for Japan’s pacifism and security identity. To this end, the chapter will: 1) assess the arguments of the Japanese constitutional debate; 2) exam- ine the implications of constitutional revision with regard to changing Japanese pacifism and security identity; and 3) analyse the concept of the ‘global pacifist state’ model as Japan’s core security identity. Several reasons have been presented for why the Japanese Consti- tution needs to be modified. For example, it has been argued that ‘new human rights’, such as the right to privacy and to the environment, need to be added to the current Constitution.705 The argument essen- 705 There is an interpretation, however, that ‘new human rights’, such as the rights to...
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