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Catalonia and Portugal

The Iberian Peninsula from the periphery

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Edited By Flocel Sabaté and Luís Adão Da Fonseca

Between 2010 and 2013 the European Science Foundation project «Cuius Regio» undertook a study of the reasons for cohesion of some European regions, including the analysis of the ways for cohesion of two peripherical Iberian entities: Portugal and Catalonia. A scientific meeting held in Lleida in 2012 facilitated the collection of contributions from outstanding researchers in order to analyse how specific identities in the periphery of the Iberian Peninsula were created in the Middle Ages and how they evolved until the 19 th century. History, Literature and Language are being discussed in this book in order to understand the reasons for creating specific territorial identities and also to compare their different evolutions, that have resulted in different political realities in our current times.
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Architecture and Identity

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Lúcia ROSAS

Universidade do Porto and Centro de Estudos da População, Economia e Sociedade (CEPESE)

The city of Coimbra has played an important role in the processes of both the formation and the affirmation of the realm, already a quite studied aspect in Portuguese medieval historiography. It was in Coimbra that the Portuguese Romanesque assumed one of its most luminary expressions, being also one of the places where the Romanesque architecture implanted itself the soonest. The dynamism of the city is well represented in the multiplied architecture of the 12th century, reflecting both the richness and political stability of the time. In fact, the expansion of the Romanesque architecture in Portugal coincides with the kingdom of D. Afonso Henriques (1143-1185). It was in this period that the Romanesque works on Lisbon’s, Coimbra’s and Oporto’s Sees were initiated and the Monastery of the Holy Cross of Coimbra, of Saint Augustine’s Regular Canons, was built, becoming the pantheon of the first kings of the 1st Dynasty.

The Church of the Monastery of the Holy Cross of Coimbra, founded in 1131, presented a completely new architecture within the context of the Romanesque that was spreading throughout Portugal at that time. Its building was well adjusted to the spirit of the community which had the choir service as the center of its life. Although profoundly altered in the 16th century1, one knows some aspects of the original temple described both by documentation from the...

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