Challenges and Hopes
Edited By Viktor Stepanenko and Yaroslav Pylynskyi
Ukraine’s Migration and Demographic Situation in the Context of Foreign Intervention
The demographic situation of a country represents, on the one hand, an important factor in its social and economic development, as the size and structure of the population have a direct impact on the capacity to provide labor power for the development of the national economy, while also determining the burden placed on the social security system. In terms of national security, it is crucial to maintain the minimum prerequisite population density throughout the country’s territory. If we look at those nations which that have vast under-populated territories (particularly if those areas have a mild climate favorable for living), their governments are encouraging people to settle in those areas. On the other hand, demographic processes, in their turn, depend on current trends in economic and geopolitical development. External conditions are changing so rapidly that they also impact on migration patterns, while it takes time for the natural movements of the population to adapt to the new circumstances.
This article aims to determine demographic transformations, including Ukraine’s migration situation in the context of the Russian annexation of Crimea and developments in the East, as well as to foresee their potential demographic implications for Ukraine. The article uses statistics released by the National Statistics Service of Ukraine1 (henceforth NSS), including the official NSS website, the Interagency Coordination Committee for social security of Ukrainian citizens transferring from the zone affected by counter-terrorist operations and temporarily occupied territories and a modular sample survey. The main difficulties encountered in conducting this...
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